Fundamentals of Islam in Rhythmic Text

Last updated: Tuesday 28 Ragab 1435 A.H. - 27 May 2014

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Questions and Answers
Fiqh (Rulings) of Prayer

General Questions
Qiblah Direction
Daily Prayer Timings
Wajibs of Prayer
Sunnahs of Prayer
Fadilahs of Prayer
Acts That Ruin Prayer
Makruhs of Prayer
Recitation in Prayer
Group Prayer
Friday Prayer
Prayer for the Traveller
Mandub Prayers

Main Index
for Questions and Answers Topics

Formal Prayer
Funeral Services
Fasting and Ramadan
Babies and Children
Clothing and Hygiene
Laws of Trade
Laws of Defense
Inscribed Punishments
Maliki Fiqh Principles
Learning About the Din
Authors' Qualifications
Guiding Helper Authenticity

Selected Questions and Answers

Selected Questions on The Guiding Helper Authenticity:

Questions and concerns of authenticity of the Guiding Helper texts usually issue from students of the din who have learned specific detailed laws that differ slightly from the laws given in the Guiding Helper. This may be from the fact that they are not familiar with Maliki Fiqh or it may be from the fact that they have learned strict opinions in the Maliki school "bedouin-style", which means that they refuse to accept the possibility that something other than what they have heard from their shaykhs or have read in the common books could possibly be correct. These type of people usually back up their attacks with long lists of shaykhs whom they have studied with or references to ancient Arabic books which they have read - refusing the possibility of multiple correct views on a particular subject.

Nevertheless, we would like to remind these people that no matter how much one thinks or claims to know, there are always new things to learn. Just because some of the material in the Guiding Helper seems unfamiliar or contradicts what one has previously learned, it does not necessarily indicate that that material is incorrect.

We at the Guiding Helper Foundation ourselves do not issue such authenticity attacks on others as we realize that no matter how much we know, there are aspects of `aqidah, fiqh, and tasawwuf which remain hidden from us and of which we are ignorant. We also know that often multiple correct and acceptable views exist for any particular subject (especially in fiqh, even within the same school, a fact only the less-learned will deny) and we have simply narrated one simple and straight forward way to practice the din without condemning those who teach or practice differently.

Selected Clothing and Hygiene Questions:

> There is a question rleated to Hidjab agin. There is trend here 
> in Europe among muslim women who cover only their hair i.e. they 
> show their neck. This is a common practice in some regions in north 
> africa also. Is there any fatwa for 'laywomen'? (NB: i have been 
> asked about this issue)

Basically, the issue of hijab is not an all-or-nothing issue.  Rather 
a woman gets credit for covering every part of her body when out in 
public.  If she misses a wajib part on purpose, then that counts against 
her - but she still gets credit for the parts she covers properly.

Figure 13-1 of the Guiding Helper shows that the chin and *upper* neck 
of a woman is not part of her nakedness according to the Maliki 
School.  But, the lower neck is part of her nakedness.

Now, there is not one way to cover in hijab, but there are many.

One need not wear the Arab-type scarf but can, for instance, wear
a bonnet-type long hat along with either a scarf/handkerchief for the neck
or raised wrap-around collars.  Another alternative is to wear a hood which
covers the hair and ears well along with some material that covers the lower

Now, if the woman does not cover her lower neck (or ears) but covers 
properly otherwise (covering her head and other parts of her body), then 
she is fulfilling 95% of the requirement which will count in her favor.

The 5% she is missing will count against her.

Depending on the nature of the society, the amir may either ignore this
5% or inscribe a lesser penalty for her incomplete hijab.

In any case, we should realize that people become misguided step-by-step
and not all of the sudden.  If we state today that the lower neck of a 
woman is not part of her nakedness.  It will not be long before some
pseudo-scholar comes along and states that the upper chest is not part
of her nakedness.  And soon enough, practicing Muslim women will be 
dressed the same as non-practicing women (who are the kaasiyaat 
`aariyaat (dressed but naked) foretold by the Prophet (May Allah bless 
him and give him peace) in hadith #3971, Sahih Muslim, Libaas, al-Nisa'
al-Kasiyaat al-`Ariyaat:

    The Prophet (May Allah bless him and give him peace said), "There
    are two types of people who will enter the Hellfire whom I have not
    seen yet:  (1) a people who have whips like the tails of cattle with
    which they beat people and (2) women who are dressed but are naked,
    who turn away [from Allah's obedience] and turn others away.  
    Their [hair on their] head looks like the soft hump of camel.  These 
    women will not enter Paradise nor will they find its fragrance - even 
    though its fragrance is found for much a distance.")

Thus, in conclusion, there is no dispensation to allow the ears or
lower neck to remain uncovered for a freewoman in either the Hanafi, 
Shafi`i, Maliki, Hanbali, Dhahiri, Thawri, Ja`fari, nor other authentic 
mujtahid imam system of Jurisprudence.

But at the same time, one should again realize that something is better
than nothing.  And that a woman covered the way you describe is getting
more credit for her hijab than the one who walks around in a mini-skirt
and tank-top.

   [QF: volume 1: page(s) 51-52 : {Book 2, Chapter 6, Ruling on Libaas}]
   Notes of Sources for line 455 of the Guiding Helper.

Selected Ihsan, Tasawf, Tazkya, Character, Morals, Sofism, Spirituality Questions:

> It is also as the lofty Shaykh, the wali 
> of Allah ta' la Sayyidi Ibn Ata Illah said in his 
> Hikam: "Whoever thinks that it is preposterous that 
> Allah will rescue him from his appetite and bring 
> him out of the heedlessness has considered divine 
> power to be powerless. Allah has the power over 
> everything".

It is possible for Allah to help one in such an
endeavor even in this ultra-modern time where 
materialism (which is based on giving values to
sensory phenomenon) has run rampant.

> We think that obligatory things are enough for 
> him when they are accompanied by what we mentioned. 
> It will enrich him greatly. 

As noted in footnote 2614 of the Explanatory Notes,
one is only obliged to perform wajib acts and
avoid unlawful acts.

This is enough.  There is not need to perform
tons of mandub acts and avoid tons of makruh

> A lot of actions are not 
> enough for him if he does not have which we 
> mentioned. In spite of this,

Performing many mandub acts and avoiding many makruh
acts will not help one if one does not deprive the
lower self of its enjoyments (completely) for a
period of time - replacing the time for entertainment /
enjoyment with reciting awrad (long arabic verbal
remembrances), such as the Hizb al-Kabir after Subh, 
Wadhifah after Subh, and Hizb al-Bahr after each prayer 
five times a day.

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